Social Class Reproduction

Four Rules for Teaching Writing:
Image result for image: joy of writing
Always give writing assignments that

1. you will enjoy reading;
2. students will enjoy writing;
3. students will enjoy reading what others in the class have written
4. you will enjoy writing.

If any one of these conditions were not true, then it probably wasn't a very good assignment.

Advice I give to my students: When your words surprise you, you know you are writing.

Saturday, February 28, 2015

Writing that Does (and Doesn't) Matter

My friend and co-author, Norbert Elliot, recently did an extensive survey on genres--the kinds of writing that people actually do, apart from what we imagine they do.

I'm paraphrasing here--but I can't imagine we don't know this: the genres we have students practice in our writing courses has very little to do with the kinds of writing they do after they get out of school.

Norbert and his colleagues surveyed (and I'm going from memory here) secondary, post-secondary, and post-graduates to evaluate alignment on what we teach and post-pedagogical transfer. From transfer and genre theory, we know that transfer links to genre-similarity. This should be no surprise. If we teach students how to write 5-paragraph essays, their clunky knowledge about writing will not make them poets.

Norbert and his colleagues found that postgraduate writing is not what we teach--in other words, limited transfer. Seven percent of postgraduate writing (surprisingly high) resembles the "essay."

We  should think about this disjuncture between what we teach and the utility of what we teach--and certainly about the referentiality of reproducing ourselves through what we teach.

I can imagine where this line of inquiry would lead--theories of social reproduction, social class and ethnic discrimination, mindless pedagogy, teachers unaware of how they are cogs in the machine. In this post, I'm only going to suggest these implications--my real thesis being that we are too easily inculcated in a project of teaching students how not to write by imagining that we are teaching them how to write.

I had better stop here. But I wondered what Norbert et al.'s data would have shown if they had investigated the frequency of non-academic and non-professional writing that people do--for me, the kind of writing that matters.


  1. Rings bells ringing "engfish" and "antiwriting" (Macrorie and Neel). Nonetheless, I think teaching students to overcome genre with craft and critical and creative thinking to find self expression, self exploration, research, reflection and new ideas is right. Getting the hang of learning and using a genre is sort of like getting used to a company's email culture or memo-language.

  2. Hi, Will. So much agree with all you say. We have to help them negotiate the difficult rhetorical situations (and in academic environments) stupid they will meet. But the most important thing: will they like writing? I know you're with me on this

  3. this is very good post from you to learn writing in class room. i think your four tips must need for the teachers to tech writing the students.

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